TOEFL stands for Test of English as a Foreign Language. It pertains to the scheme of evaluation meant for testing the capability of non English speaking candidates. Candidates desirous of pursuing higher education in the English speaking nations are tested by means of TOEFL.
As you embark upon your dream of pursuing higher studies from one of the overseas universities- essentially English speaking in nature- TOEFL becomes one of its inseparable constituents.
It throws light on your capability to use and comprehend English. Besides Australia, Great Britain and United States of America as many as 130 nations rely on this yardstick of evaluation.